Edward Hopper (American Artist)



2015-06-26 10:55:56

Edward Hopper is a celebrated 20th century American painter.



Hopper was born in New York on 22nd July, 1882. His early training was under Robert Henri at the School of Art in New York. Although he had his first relatively successful solo exhibition in 1913, he spent more time on commercial art and advertising art and commercial etchings. It was only in the mid 1920s, did he turn to oil painting and watercolors focusing on urban life.

He did travel to Europe, mainly France in the early twentieth century, but never traveled abroad after 1910. He married his schoolmate and painter Josephine Verstille Nivison in 1924. After marriage, he focused more on painting and gave up his commercial works. He moved away to South Truro where the couple built a house and spend nearly six months there, every year. They occasionally took a lot of domestic traveling and visited the Mexico and Far West. Basically, both of them lived a simple and frugal life focusing more on painting.

Towards the latter stage of his career, Edward Hopper received many awards, honors, and increasing admiration on his work. Edward passed away on 15th May, 1967 in New York.

Guide for Collectors

Although Hoppers style was characteristic, he did not paint to make it easy for the collector while buying his paintings. There are plenty of bogus works of Edward Hopper being offered on online auctions sites like eBay.

You can get a fake from just about any painter and the internet has only made things even worse. Whatever be the claim of the seller, double-check or triple check the sellers’ background, and if possible never buy it online. If the painting offered online is a real bargain offer to buy it by paying by credit card or PayPal. Also, try to get solid information like a telephone number and address on the seller.

A small tip for collectors of Edward Hopper’s works - at a very early stage itself, Hopper had developed his unique, mature style that reflected a personal kind of modern realism, prevalent in America during that time. This later developed into a refined mastery of dark and light shades that gave the viewer a feeling of emptiness and loneliness.

Hopper's works can be found in popular American museums. However, it is at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, where a collector can find the maximum number of works, as Hopper's wife had donated a considerable amount of Edward Hopper’s works to this museum.

Other museums that hold a considerable amount of Hoppers works include the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art in New York and The Des Moines Art Center.

Most Expensive Works

Edward Hopper’s Hotel Window, an example of isolation and loneliness in American urban life sold for a hammer price of $24 million at Sotheby's Auction House in New York on 29th November, 2006 against an initial estimate of $10 million - $15 million, thereby setting an auction record. It was his highest priced painting to date.

Another oil painting, which also went for a high price, was "Chair Car.” It went for $14 Million (inclusive of buyer's premium) on 11th May, 2005 at Christie's, New York.

Two other paintings that went over the $2 Million mark were "South Truro Church" and "Captain Upton's House.” While "South Truro Church" went for a hammer price of $2.2 Million on 29th November, 1990 at Sotheby's, New York, the painting "Captain Upton's House" went for a hammer price of $2.1 Million on 3rd December, 1987 at Sotheby's, New York.

Most Famous Works

Some of his main works that included Nighthawks, Drugstore, and New York Movie. The painting Nighthawks created a visual language for middle class America and is considered as his most famous painting. It can be found at the Art Institute of Chicago.

His Room in Brooklyn and House by the Railroad reflect his trademark forms and light play that go on to produce a sense of loneliness as in Early Sunday Morning.

Other famous works that were auctioned during 2011 include the watercolor titled “South Truro Post Office” which was auctioned for $482,500 (inclusive of buyer’s premium) on 18th May, 2011 at Christie's, New York.

There have also been prints that have been auctioned during 2011. Three of them include “The Evening Wind” (auctioned for $80,500 at Christie's, New York on 25th October, 2011), “Portrait of Walter Tittle” (auctioned for $48,000 at Swann Auction Galleries, New York on 22nd September, 2011), and “Night Shadows” for $33,600 at Swann aUCTION Galleries, New York on 22nd September, 2011). The auction prices for all these three are inclusive of buyer’s premium.

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