Lot 368: Elizabeth I - Great Seal


2015-10-06 14:40:17


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Lot 368: Elizabeth I - Great Seal. Exemplification of the enrolment of a decree of the court of Chancery in a case between Richard Sawyer and many other tenants of the manor of Farnborough and Richard Norton, esq, establishing the customs of the manor, of 3 February 1599; exemplified at the request of the tenants, 16 February 1599, lengthy and large vellum document in English, in a neat official hand on two membranes, three decorative initials to first line, text near foot of second membrane slightly rubbed without loss of legibility, 63.5 x 79cm, with complete impression of Great Seal in white wax appended by silk tags, 15cm diameter, slightly rubbed but generally very good with clear impressions of the Queen on both sides and surrounding inscription largely legible, original folds, contained in 20th-century document box with inset tray to hold seal and gilt-titled morocco label to upper cover. From 'Victoria County History of Hampshire', Volume 4 (1911): 'In 1535 Richard Norton, who had married Elizabeth Rotherfield, daughter and heir of Sir William Rotherfield and Elizabeth Dawtrey, died seised of a fourth, and his son John evidently purchased the other three-fourths, for he was seised of the whole manor at his death in 1561. Sir Richard Norton, son of John, died in 1592, leaving the manor of Farnborough to his son Richard, afterwards Sir Richard Norton. The latter died in 1611, leaving as his heir his son Richard, who sold the manor in 1619 to John Godson of Odiham and Edward Dickenson of Odiham. In 1630 John Godson held courts baron as lord of the manor of Farnborough.' The Chancery suit was probably collusive, brought in order to establish the customs and have them enrolled in a Court of Record. This great seal was used by Elizabeth from 1586 to 1603 and was made from a matrix engraved by the famous miniaturist Nicholas Hilliard. On the obverse t he Queen is shown holding the sceptre and orb, while on the reverse she is shown on horseback riding across a field of flowering plants. A very nice specimen. (1) Dominic Winter's Printed Books and Maps Auction October 2015 Wednesday, 14th October 2015 Estimate: £600-800
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