Lot 361: Russian czar (1672–1725) who ruled from 1682 until his death and was an instrumental force in the Westernization and expansion of Russia into a major European power. LS in Cyrillic, one page both sides, 6.25 x 7.75, November 6, 1711. Untranslated letter to Field Marshal Count Sheremetev concerning giving both tactical and strategic orders. Peter I orders Sheremetev to move the Cossack troops to the opposite bank of the Dnieper and to destroy their dwellings. He instructs that seized troops are to be garrisoned at the fortress, but in order to mislead the Turks, rumors are to be circulated that it is Menshikov's hired men who are settled there. The Polish senators should be told that the troops are garrisoned at the fortress provisionally until the King of Sweden reaches Turkey. The Field Marshal is also ordered not to stay in Poland too long. As to a request to be sent troops stationed at Riga for the winter, Peter advises that this will be impossible. In very good condition, with light dampstaining and toning, a mounting strip to one edge, and show-through from writing to opposing sides. Accompanied by a gorgeous custom-made leatherbound presentation folder.
These instructions demonstrate how Peter the Great was able to think both tactically and strategically, and highlight his close involvement with military affairs. At the time this letter was written, Russia was at war with two countries—a decade into a war against Sweden and one year into a battle with Turkey. Peter I directed most of the wars himself and also took part in some of the campaigns, emerging victorious over the Turks in 1713 and over Sweden in 1721.
RR Auction's Fine Autographs and Artifacts Auction 458
Wednesday, 12th August 2015
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