2019-08-06 22:30:20

Christopher Francis Patten, Baron Patten of Barnes, CH, PC (Chinese: 彭定康; born 12 May 1944) is a British politician who served as the 28th and final [Governor of Hong Kong](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GovernorofHongKong" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ChrisPatten#citenote-1)</sup "Governor of Hong Kong") born 12 May 1944) is a British politician who served as the 28th and final [Governor of Hong Kong](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GovernorofHongKong">[1] from 8 July 1992 until the end of British administration over the territory on 30 June 1997. He has been a Conservative member of the House of Lords since 2005 and previously represented Bath in the House of Commons from 1979 to 1992.

Patten first became a junior minister in 1986, and a member of the Cabinet from 1989–1992. He was Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1990–1992, and European Commissioner from 1999–2004. Patten served as Chairman of the BBC Trust from 2011–2014. Currently, he is the Chancellor of the University of Oxford, a post he has held since 2003.

Patten served various junior ministerial posts under Margaret Thatcher, including at the Department of Education and Science, before joining the Cabinet in 1989 as Environment Secretary. On the succession of John Major as Prime Minister in 1990, Patten was promoted to become Chairman of the Conservative Party and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He orchestrated the Conservatives' unexpected fourth consecutive general election victory in 1992, but unexpectedly lost his own seat.

He then accepted the final (28th) Governorship of Hong Kong until the territory's handover to China on 1 July 1997. As Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Patten presided over a steady rise in the living standards of Hongkongers while encouraging a significant expansion of Hong Kong's social welfare and electoral system.[2][page needed] Patten played a significant role in the Hong Kong handover ceremony with Charles, Prince of Wales and exited Victoria Harbour on HMY Britannia. Patten received national recognition for his services by appointment as Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 1998 New Year Honours.

From 1999–2004, he served as one of the United Kingdom's two members of the European Commission. He returned to the UK and became Chancellor of the University of Oxford in 2003 and was made a life peer in 2005. On 7 April 2011, Queen Elizabeth II approved Patten's appointment as the Chairman of the BBC Trust, the governing body of the British Broadcasting Corporation.[3] Patten held the position until his resignation on grounds of ill-health on 6 May 2014

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