Hong Kong 1997 FDC 1st, July, 1997. Establishment Of Special Administrative Region.

ellington55

ellington55

2019-08-08 23:01:54

Hong Kong (/ˌhɒŋˈkɒŋ/ (About this soundlisten); Chinese: 香港, Hong Kong Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the [most densely populated places](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listofcountriesanddependenciesbypopulationdensity" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKong#citenote-20)</sup "List of countries and dependencies by population density") in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the [most densely populated places](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listofcountriesanddependenciesbypopulationdensity">[d] in the world.

Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire at the end of the First Opium War in 1842. Sovereignty over the territory was transferred to China in 1997. As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains governing and economic systems that are separate from those of [mainland China](</sup "Mainland China") As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains governing and economic systems that are separate from those of [mainland China](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MainlandChina">[18].[19] Its people tend to identify as Hongkongers rather than Chinese.

Originally a sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.[21] It was estimated to be the world's tenth-largest exporter, ninth-largest importer, and seventh-largest trading entity,[22] and its legal tender (the [Hong Kong dollar](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKongdollar" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKong#citenote-CIAImports-27)</sup "Hong Kong dollar") and its legal tender (the Hong Kong dollar is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Hong Kong hosts the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world.[25] Although the city has one of the highest </sup "List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita")[per capita incomes](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ListofcountriesbyGDP(PPP)percapita" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKong#citenote-30)</sup "List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita") Although the city has one of the highest [per capita incomes](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ListofcountriesbyGDP(PPP)percapita">[26] in the world, there is severe income inequality.

Hong Kong is classified as an alpha+ world city, indicating its influence throughout the world. Hong Kong is one of the most significant global financial centres, holding the highest Financial Development Index score and consistently ranking as the most competitive and freest economic area in the world in 2017.[21] The city has [the largest number of skyscrapers in the world](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listofcitieswiththemostskyscrapers" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKong#citenote-33)</sup "List of cities with the most skyscrapers") The city has [the largest number of skyscrapers in the world](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listofcitieswiththemostskyscrapers">[29], most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong consistently [ranks high on the Human Development Index](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ListofcountriesbyHumanDevelopmentIndex" data-mce-href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HongKong#citenote-SkyscraperCenter-34)</sup "List of countries by Human Development Index") Hong Kong consistently [ranks high on the Human Development Index](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ListofcountriesbyHumanDevelopmentIndex">[30], and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Over 90 percent of its population uses public transportation. However, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has caused a high level of atmospheric particulates in the region

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