Lot 75: Exceedingly rare TMS, thirteen pages, 8.25 x 13.25, January 5, 1957. An original manuscript of the important address to Congress in which he proposed the 'Eisenhower Doctrine,' typed on official legal paper watermarked with the presidential seal. In part: "The Middle East has abruptly reached a new and critical stage in its long and important history…Since the First World War there has been a steady evolution toward self-government and independence…The evolution to independence has in the main been a peaceful process. But the area has been often troubled. Persistent crosscurrents of distrust and fear with raids back and forth across national boundaries have brought about a high degree of instability in much of the Mid East…Russia's rulers have long sought to dominate the Middle East…The reason for Russia's interest in the Middle East is solely that of power politics. Considering her announced purpose of Communizing the world, it is easy to understand her hope of dominating the Middle East… The action which I propose would have the following features…It would, first of all, authorize the United States to cooperate with and assist any nation or group of nations in the general area of the Middle East in the development of economic strength dedicated to the maintenance of national independence…undertake in the same region programs of military assistance and cooperation with any nation or group of nations which desires such aid…to include the employment of the armed forces of the United States to secure and protect the territorial integrity and political independence of such nations, requesting such aid, against overt armed aggression from any nation controlled by International Communism." In fine condition.Eisenhower developed this policy in response to the fear of Soviet interference in the region after its instability was highlighted in the Suez Crisis. With this doctrine, the president made it clear that the United States would not permit Communist aggression in the Middle East. The military action provisions were first applied the following year during the Lebanon Crisis, during which US forces occupied Beirut. The Eisenhower Doctrine is one of the most important policies of his administration and a defining aspect of postwar American foreign policy in general; an original typescript of this historic doctrine, this is a rare and highly desirable piece.
RR Auction's Fine Autographs and Artifacts Auction 462
Wednesday, 14th October 2015
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