Lot 6: Thomas Jefferson - Exceptional partly-printed DS
8th March 2017
Exceptional partly-printed DS, signed “Th: Jefferson,” one page, 9 x 15, July 16, 1790. Broadside publishing an act passed by the Congress of the United States at the second session. Entitled "An Act further to provide for the Payment of the Invalid Pensioners of the United States," the act directs that "the military pensions, which have been granted and paid by the States respectively, in pursuance of former acts of the United States in Congress assembled, and such, as by acts passed in the present session of Congress, are, or shall be declared to be due to invalids, who were wounded and disabled during the late war, shall be continued and paid by the United States, from the fourth day of March last, for the space of one year, under such regulations as the President of the United States may direct." Signed at the conclusion by Jefferson as secretary of state. In fine condition. With over 25,000 non-mortal wounds suffered by soldiers during the Revolutionary War, the disbursement of military pensions to harmed or disabled invalids proved to be one of America’s earliest and most significant pieces of healthcare legislature. On September 29, 1789, roughly four years after the Confederation Congress specified procedures to ‘make provision for Officers, soldiers or seamen, who have been disabled in the service of the United States,’ congress approved an act providing for the payment of ‘Invalid Pensioners of the United States…granted and paid by the states respectively.’ The ruling served as a precursor to this very document, which justly extended the pension for another full year. On March 23, 1792, a more permanent arrangement was made for invalid pensioners when an act to ‘provide for the settlement of the Claims of Widows and Orphans…and to regulate the Claims to Invalid Pensions,’ stated that any ‘commissioned officer…and any non-commissioned officer, soldier or seaman, disabled in the actual service of the United States, during the late war, by wounds or other known cause, who did not desert from the said service, shall be entitled to be placed on the pension list of the United States, during life or the continuance of such disability.’
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