Lot 35: Partly-printed vellum DS as president, one page, 11.5 x 17.75, June 1, 1843. Uncommon land office grant approved by Tyler, in part: "Whereas, Mary Wells (Wife of William J Wells) one of the Creek tribe of Indians, by virtue of a Treaty between the United States and the said Creek tribe of Indians, made the 24th day of March 1832, became entitled, out of the Lands ceded to the United States by the said Treaty, to the East half of the Section, in Township fourteen of Range Twenty three East, in the Tallapoosa Land District Alabama, containing three hundred and twenty acres, and forty four hundreths of an acre." Signed at the conclusion by Tyler and countersigned by Recorder of the General Land Office J. Williamson. In very good condition, with intersecting folds, paper loss to upper right, tape remnants to the seal, and scattered overall soiling.
On March 24, 1832, the Creek Nation and US government agreed to the Treaty of Cusseta, which required the Creek to relinquish all claims to land east of the Mississippi River. Although the majority were displaced, a few were allowed to remain with land allotments and protection; those in Alabama eventually became the Poarch Band of the Creek Tribe, living on 230 acres on the only Federal reservation in Alabama. This was a part of the Indian removal programs initiated by President Jackson in 1830 by which thousands of Native American Indians were forcibly relocated to territories west of the Mississippi. However, the Treaty of Cusseta stipulated that individual Creeks were to be granted land claims in the former Creek territory. Although most federal land grants from this period were secretarially signed, the provisions of the 1832 treaty called for a true presidential signature. These are quite scarce and represent a fascinating period of American history.
RR Auction's Fine Autographs And Artifacts Auction 471
Wednesday, 9th March 2016
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