Lot 19: John Tyler

RR Auction

2015-10-29 11:32:40

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Lot 19: Partly-printed DS as president, one page, 11.75 x 17.5, September 8, 1843. Interesting land grant concerning territory awarded to the Creek Indians. In part: "Whereas, Cho-ko-lar-key one of the Creek Tribe of Indians by virtue of a Treaty between the United States and the said Creek tribe of Indians...became entitled...to the North half of Section thirty four...in the Tallapoosa Land District Alabama containing three hundred and fourteen acres." Boldly signed at the conclusion by President Tyler and countersigned by Recorder of the General Land Office J. Williamson. The crisply embossed white paper seal affixed to the lower left remains fully intact. In fine condition, with intersecting folds (one vertical fold passing through the first letter of the signature) and mild scattered toning. On March 24, 1832, the Creek Nation and US government agreed to the Treaty of Cusseta, which required the Creek to relinquish all claims to land east of the Mississippi River. This was a part of the Indian removal programs initiated by President Jackson in 1830 by which thousands of Native American Indians were forcibly relocated to territories west of the Mississippi. However, the Treaty of Cusseta stipulated that individual Creeks were to be granted land claims in the former Creek territory. Although most federal land grants from this period were secretarially signed, the provisions of the 1832 treaty called for a true presidential signature. These are quite scarce and represent a fascinating period of American history. RR Auction's Fine Autographs & Artifacts Friday, 23rd October 2015 Estimate: $2000-3000
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