Lot 14: John Tyler, 1790-1862. l0th President of the United States, 1841-1845. Partially printed Document Signed, John Tyler. Washington, [D.C.], September 21, 1841. Partly-printed DS as president, one page, 11.5 x 17.5, June 1, 1843. "Whereas, Mic-Ho-ge one of the Creek tribe of Indians, by virtue of a Treaty between the United States and the said Creek tribe of Indians, made the 24th day of March 1832, became entitled, out of the Lands ceded to the United States by the said Treaty, to the East half of the Section, in Township Twenty Two of Range Twenty three East, in the Tallapoosa Land District Alabama, containing three hundred and nineteen acres, and sixty eight hundreths of an acre." Signed at the conclusion by Tyler and countersigned by Recorder of the General Land Office J. Williamson. This is a clean, bright vellum document that measures 12" x 17". It has wrinkling that is typical of old vellum documents and both horizontal and vertical folds, likely from mailing. There are also a few small holes, but they are not obtrusive and do not affect Tyler's signature. On March 24, 1832, the Creek Tribe and US government agreed to the Treaty of Cusseta, which moved most of the tribe to Oklahoma. After two Creek rebellions with the military, most of them did move, with a few allowed to remain with land allotments and protection. Those remaining in Alabama eventually became the Poarch Band of the Creek Tribe, living on 230 acres on the only Federal reservation in Alabama. Around the beginning of Tyler's second term, most land grants were secretarially-signed. In 30 years, only three of these Indian US Government land grant documents from 1832 have come up for auction. States on completion of the payment." The rarity suggests that possibly few tribal members sold their land, despite the clear intention of the treaty that the Creeks move westward. This document is an outstanding piece of memorabilia from the days of the Creek tribe in Alabama and the federal govemment's early dealings with the Native American tribes. It belongs in any presidential or Native American collection.
Oak Auctions' Rare Autograph and Manuscript Auction
Thursday, 19th November 2015
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