Tate Modern



2015-06-26 10:51:22

Tate Modern is Britain’s national gallery of modern art, located on the banks of the Thames River in London and home to the Tate collection of modern art along with a number of temporary exhibitions. It is the most popular modern art gallery in the world, receiving 4.7 million visitors every year, and is one of England’s top three most visited attractions.

The collections in Tate Modern consist of works of international modern and contemporary art dating from 1900 to the present day, in a wide variety of mediums.

History and foundation

Tate Modern originated from the collections of modern art owned by the Tate Britain Gallery in their home on Millbank in London. By the late 1980s the collection had begun to outgrow the building, and the decision was made to create a new gallery in which to house it. In 1995 Tate received £55 million from the national Lottery fund for the cost of developing the redundant Bankside Power Station, originally designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and built in two stages between 1947 and 1963. The final project cost £135 million, with £80 million secured from a number of private sources.

It was overseen by the current Tate Director Sir Nicholas Serota. An international architectural competition was held, and entered by some of the world’s most distinguished architects. The winning design was by the young Swiss practice of Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, and the gallery opened to the public on May 12, 2000. Since its opening it has welcomed 47 million visitors, and held a number of groundbreaking exhibitions.

Departments and collections

Tate Modern is divided into five levels, upon which various temporary and permanent exhibitions are held. The permanent collections are displayed in four thematically different exhibitions, which are:

‘Material Gestures’, focusing on abstraction, expressionism and abstract expressionism.

‘Poetry and Dream’, featuring surrealist work and pieces inspired by dreams and the unconscious.

‘Energy and Process,’ focusing on Arte Povera, Post-Minimalism and British sculpture from the 1960s.

‘States of Flux’, which concentrates on Cubism, Futurism, Vorticism and Pop Art.

The building also features the Turbine Hall, a five-storey space in the centre of the building with 3,400 square metres of floor space which is used to house large, specially-commissioned work by international artists.

Notable Exhibits

The Tate collection includes important masterpieces by both Picasso and Matisse and one of the world's finest collections of Surrealism, including works by Dalí, Ernst, Magritte and Mirò. It houses major works by Pollock and Rothko and a significant collection of Pop art including major works by Lichtenstein and Warhol.

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