Paul Cezanne (Post-Impressionist Artist)
Paul Cezanne was an influential French Post-Impressionist Artist.
Brief biography of artist
Paul Cezanne (born 19th January 1839) had a profound effect on the Impressionist art movement, with a groundbreaking use of colour and innovative choice of subject matter.
The son of a wealthy banker, Cezanne rebelled against his father’s wishes for him to follow the same path. His father disapproved of the young Cezanne’s decision to move to Paris and become an artist, but he did so regardless.
Whilst originally one of the Impressionist painters, Cezanne’s style differed from the other impressionists, primarily in the notable strength and solidity of his brush strokes compared to the impressionist’s less solid style. In addition, his desire for independence caused him to move away from Paris and to withold his work from Impressionist exhibitions, working largely in isolation. Nevertheless, throughout his life he retained friendships with several of the other impressionists.
Cezanne’s use of colour is an extremely important facet of his work; the artist loved to experiment with colour, texture and shadows. His artwork primarily focused on scenes of landscape and still life, but did diversify to include portraiture, bathing scenes, and scenes of everyday life. He died on 22nd October 1906.
Guide for collectors
Cezanne’s work has sold for wildly varying prices, some very high. On 27th June 2000, Sotheby’s in London sold Cezanne’s ‘Tasse, Verre Et Fruits II’, an oil on canvas still-life piece painted in 1877, for £2,423,500. Another of the artist’s works, ‘Le Potager De Pissaro A Pontoise’, painted in 1877, sold on 5th November 2002 from Sotheby’s in New York for $1,989,500.
Most expensive work
Cezanne’s ‘The Card Players|’ (1892-93) was sold for $250m to the Qatari royal family in a private sale in April 2011 by its former owner George Embiricos, shortly before his death. The sale made it the most expensive artwork of all time.
The previous most expensive Cezanne piece was 1893-94s ‘Rideau, cruchon et compotier’, a still-life which many deem to have influenced new art movements such as cubism, due to it’s abandonment of realistic perspective. The piece was sold at Sotheby’s in New York on 10th May 1999 for $60,502,500, setting a record price in the sale of artwork at auction, though the painting was later resold at a loss.
Most famous works
Cezanne painted the Mont St Victoire, situated near his home in Aix-en-Provence, over sixty times. The artist used the landmark to experiment with perspective and depth to varying degrees, perhaps most notably in ‘Le Mont Sainte-Victoire’ (1897-98), and 1900’s ‘Mont Sainte-Victoire’, both currently housed at The Hermitage in St. Petersburg.
Additionally, as an artist known for his still-life paintings, a topic he is somewhat responsible for reviving (at the time, still-life paintings were largely regarded as dull), several of these are notable, but one of the most famous is Cezanne’s ‘Apples and Oranges’, painted in 1899 and currently on display at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.
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