Param Vir Chakra

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wikicollecting

2015-06-26 10:43:24

Param Vir Chakra is India’s utmost military decoration for the highest degree of valour in military conflict. History

The Param Vir Chakra was established on January 26th 1960, the same date that India became a republic, with effect from August 15th 1947.

Design

The medal was designed by Savitri Khanolankar who was married to an Indian Army Officer. Coincidentally, the first Param Vir Chakra was awarded to her son, Major Som Nath Sharma, for his bravery in the Kashmir operations in 1947.

The medal was signed to symbolise Rishi Dadich, who donated his thigh bones to the gods.

The medal has a radius of 1-3/8 inches and is made from bronze. The state emblem appears on a raised circle in the centre of the medal, surrounding which are four replicas of Indra’s Vajra.

On the reverse, a plain centre is surrounded by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English.

The ribbon is 32mm long and purple in colour.

Winners of the Param Vir Chakra

  • Major Somnath Sharma (Posthumous)
  • Lance Naik Karam Singh
  • Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane
  • Naik Jadunath Singh (Posthumous)
  • Company Havildar Major Piru Singh (Posthumous)
  • Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria (Posthumous)
  • Major Dhan Singh Thapa
  • Subedar Joginder Singh (Posthumous)
  • Major Shaitan Singh (Posthumous)
  • Company Havildar Major Abdul Hamid (Posthumous)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzarji Tarapore (Posthumous)
  • Lance Naik Albert Ekka (Posthumous)
  • Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (Posthumous)
  • Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal (Posthumous)
  • Major Hoshiar Singh
  • Naib Subedar Bana Singh
  • Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran (Posthumous)
  • Captain Vikram Batra ( Posthumous)
  • Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey
  • Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav
  • Rifleman Sanjay Kumar
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