Marcel Duchamp (Artist)
Marcel Duchamp was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaism and Surrealism.
Duchamp was born on 28, July 1887 in Blainville-Crevon, France. He was the brother of Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon and Suzanne Duchamp-Crotti , also famous artists. Largely ignored during his lifetime, Marcel Duchamp experimented with classical techniques and subjects, as well as with Cubism and Fauvism.
In 1914, Duchamp introduced his readymades—common objects, sometimes altered and presented as works of art—which had a revolutionary impact upon many painters and sculptors. Since then on, contemporary art became in itself a mixture of creation and criticism. In 2000 (32 years after Duchamp’s death), The Prix Marcel Duchamp - an annual award given to a young artist – was established. In 2004, his work called Fountain was voted the most influential artwork of the 20th century. He died on 2, October 1968 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. He was 81.
Guide for collectors
Most of Duchamp’s works can be found in Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA - home of the world's most important collection of Duchamp's work; Centre National d'Art et Culture Georges Pompidou - The Paris museum of modern and contemporary art that houses works by Duchamp; Department of Fine Art at University of Toronto, Canada or Tate - family of four galleries: Tate Britain, Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool and Tate St. Ives.
Besides them, many other museums include Duchamp’s works in their collections. For example: Marcel Duchamp at the Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan, USA; National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland; Berkeley Art Museum + Pacific Film Archive, California, USA; Marcel Duchamp in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art Database, USA; Marcel Duchamp at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art, Washington D.C., USA, Museum of Modern Art, New York City, USA or Weserburg Museum of Modern Art, Bremen, Germany.
The most expensive works
In February 2009, Duchamp’s work called Belle haleine - Eau de voilette was sold for €8,913,000 at Christie’s auction in Paris, France. Also, the work named Bicycle Wheel (created in 1913) was sold for $1,762,500 in New York (matching the auction record for a Duchamp’s Fountain that was originally set in 1997 at Sotheby's).
Most famous works
Probably the most famous Duchamp readymade is the work called Fountain - a glazed cast ceramic urinal that the artist originally produced in 1917. Although the original was lost, one example produced from the photograph of the original was sold for $1,762,500 on 17, November 1999 at Sotheby’s in New York to Dimitri Daskalapoulos. Besides Fountain sold in New York, another example produced under the artist's supervision from the Alfred Stieglitz photograph of the original was sold for $1,185,000 on 13, May 2002 at Contemporary Art & 14 Duchamp Readymades auction in New York.
Worth mentioning are also works like Monte Carlo Bond (No. 1) (sold for $1,082,500 on 10, November 2010 at Christie’s auction in New York), Chessboard (Echiquier) (sold for £500,800 on 6, February 2006 at Christies’s in London) or L.H.O.O.Q. (sold for $607,500 on 13, May 1999 at Christie’s auction in New York, USA).
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