Amedeo Modigliani (Italian artist)
Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) was an Italian figurative painter and sculptor.
Amedeo Modigliani was born in Livorno, Italy to a Jewish family in July of the year 1884. As a child, he was beset with problems of health. He actually suffered from pleurisy and typhus which hindered him from getting a conventional education. However, his mother enrolled him with the renowned painting master Guglielmo Micheli in Livorno where he worked from 1898-1900. In the year 1906, Modigliani moved and settled Paris but his health problems continued.
When he was 16, he contracted tuberculosis and this would be the disease that would cause his death. Modigliani was an accomplished artist who concentrated on Painting and sculpturing. In particular, his paintings and female nudes were very popular in the 20th century. His last painting was Portrait of Marios Varvoglis which was finished in 1920 and his last sculpture was Rose Caryatid (1914).
Amedeo Modigliani died in the year 1920 due to health complications which were intensified by tuberculosis.
Influence on other artists
Although Modigliani was greatly influenced by such artists like Paul Cezanne and Henri de Toulouse Lautrec, he was to develop his typical style of painting his figures. His paintings were characterized by elongated necks, body shapes that were disproportionate and also the use of bold colors. Indeed his style cannot be compared with other artist’s style. It can only be described as modern art. Modigliani influenced a number of European artists who adopted his style of distinctive facial styles in his sculptures such as the Woman’s Head (1912).
Famous works of Amedeo Modigliani
Amedeo Modigliani was well known among other artists and Parisian intellectuals. However, he was largely unknown to the public. Not long after his death, his portraits became highly prized. His works are particularly notable in the museum of modern art in New York as well as in the art institute of Chicago.
His gallery of works include the Portrait of Maude Abrantes (1907); Paul Guillaume, Novo Pilota (1915); Bride and groom (1915); Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz (1916); Portrait of Beatrice Hastings (1916); Portrait of Moise Kisling (1915) among others. Modigliani also made some eye catching sculptures and some of them include Head of a woman (1912); Rose Caryatid (1914) among others.
Amedeo Modigliani’s most expensive painting
Modiglianis works such as Nude Sitting on a Divan The Beautiful Roman Woman was auctioned for $68.9 million. His other works such as the stone sculpture Tete have also entered the coveted list of the most expensive works of art. This was a recognition that eluded him during his lifetime.
Notable auction sales
The most notable sale of Modigliani’s works was that of the nude sitting on a sofa. An anonymous telephone bidder bought the painting for a premium price of $ 68.9 million, the highest price for any of Modigliani’s work. His other sale worth noting is the stone sculpture Tete which was sold in June 2010.
Popularity with collectors
Modigliani was not as popular with collectors in life as he became upon his death since he remained largely unknown to the public. However shortly after his death, his portraits and figure studies became highly prized by collectors. This is why some of his works are highly valued like Nude Sitting on a Divan and Tete which have fetched some extravagant prices in auctions.