A Proto-type Guinea Struck for a Proposed Issue of Coin to Pay Troops Returning from the Napoleonic Wars (PT11)

paulfrasercollectibles

2015-06-26 11:45:35

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A Proto-type Guinea Struck for a Proposed Issue of Coin to Pay Troops Returning from the Napoleonic Wars (PT11)

It is estimated today that there are perhaps five to ten known

The last gold Guinea of the 18th Century had been struck in 1799 and for various reasons no more had been struck in the first decade of the 19th Century.

The two biggest reasons for this being the advent of the Napoleonic Wars, and the major refitting of the Tower Mint, London, with new steam powered machinery, plus a number of the new Third and Half Guineas were already meeting a demand for gold.

However at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the brave heroes of War were returning home and there was an immediate need to issue payments for the troops.

The skilled Engravers at the Tower Mint were called upon to submit new "pattern" designs for submission to the King's Counsel including the design featured here engraved by Thomas Wyon Jr. later appointed Chief Engraver.

George III (1760-1820), Pattern Guinea, 22 carat gold by Thomas Wyon Jr., 1813George III (1760-1820), Pattern Guinea, 22 carat gold by Thomas Wyon Jr., 1813

Pattern pieces are only ever struck in very small quantities for the most important members of Counsel and the King himself to consider.

George III (1760-1820), Pattern Guinea struck in 22 carat gold by Thomas Wyon Jr. 1813. Short haired laureate head right, W below truncation for Wyon.

Latin legend georgivs iii dei gratia reverse, struck with an upright die axis, crowned quartered shield of arms incorporating the Arms of Hanover as an escutcheon, the base garnished with emblematic sprays of rose, thistle and shamrock, date either side of crown.

Latin legend britanniarvm rex fidei defensor, legend translates as George III, by the Grace of God, King of Britain, Defender of the Faith, reeded edge, diameter approximately 23mm, slight scuff on neck, otherwise brilliant as struck "fleur de coin" extremely rare.

It is generally though that not more than ten to fifteen examples are ever struck of such prototypes.

Not all of those struck will have survived and it is estimated today that there are perhaps five to ten known.

(PT11)

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