Lot 264: Anthony Wayne

RR Auction

RR Auction

2015-12-18 16:59:24

Lot 264: Revolutionary War general (1745–1796) whose daring tactics earned him the nickname 'Mad Anthony.' Remarkable archive of three journals, 3.75 x 6, totaling 58 pages, containing his signature or handwritten name a total of nine times. First is Wayne's survey book for 1769, 30 pages, penned in his own hand, incorporating his name on the first page: "through the land of…Anto. Wayne. near the Lands of sd. Wayne." He also practiced part of his signature at the bottom of a page near the end, signing "Wayne" several times. A couple diagrams of land parcels are also sketched within this journal, and other entries include: "Land late of John Taylor Situate in the Township of West Bradford in the County of Chester"; "Land of John Griffith which he purchased of Andrew Steel"; and "Courses and Distances of Mr. James Hunters Land Situate in the Township of Radnor." Journal is bound with string.The second journal appears to be Wayne's land survey book for the year 1770, 21 pages, penned in his own hand and signed six times, "A. Y. Wayne." It contains several land surveys including the lands of Joseph Mitchell, Sarah Christie, David Howells, Jacob Bough, Thomas Williams, Josiah Hibberts, Moses Davis, and Joseph Pratts. Three pages near the end are written in faint pencil, in part: "At a time when the invaluable of…sum at State and the very vital four excellent constitution, wounded in…hand by those when why rough to guard and supported gun as I am gent unto from our harty Regiment in your Noble and distinguished reputation of…to the non importation…untill the…are duties only imported…into the…Colonies be totally separate and as…the your…if not trafficking with the Body Island in a who contrary to…with the other colonies for non imports who have…for the view of a…landed gain given up non liberties which is the woods of the Intimated…ado from was handed down from ago to…The let it not die with as best priority…with it to fewer…that after age may…Name of one am…who have thus gloriously died and that the liberty which our American and Euopean Brothers, do now struggle for and may remain invaluable to the…of time. Mark Morris Bark No. 1 3.7 Wide 2- 4 high 10 feet long." Journal is bound with string.The final journal contains land surveys conducted in 1772, seven pages, penned in Wayne's own hand, signed twice. One survey concludes, "Survey'd Octr 1772 By Anty Wayne"; on the next page, he signs in the text, "The Land late of Arthur Moore was Survey'd the 2nd Nov 1772 by John Sellers & Anty Wayne." The pages are filled with notations and measurements in Wayne's hand, such as "Courses & Distances of a Road Beg.g at the Line Dividing the County of Berk & Chester and on the Land of David Dones's & opposite A. Smith's shop." Unbound; first four pages are tacked together with a nail. Journals are boldly penned and in overall very good condition, with various toning and chipping to edges. Accompanied by two unsigned engraved portraits.Wayne qualified as a surveyor and in 1765 was sent to Nova Scotia for a year to catalogue the natural resources and survey land owned by Benjamin Franklin and others. When he returned to Waynesborough, he lived on his father's estate and took charge of the tannery, while continuing his surveying—documentation of which is offered here. In the years leading up to the American Revolution—a period also covered in these pages—Wayne tried to reconcile British activities as they pertained to the colonies, but in the end adopted a military career that would make him a hero of the revolution. This is a rare example of Wayne's early occupation, before he became the famous 'Mad Anthony.' RR Auction's Fine Autographs and Artifacts Auction 467 Wednesday, 13th January 2016 Estimate: $5000-6000
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