Lot 2010: Buffalo Soldier Muster Roll
24th June 2017
Partly-printed DS, one page both sides, 32 x 20, April 30, 1874. Document headed "Muster Roll of Captain Charles D. Beyer's Company, ('C',) of the Ninth Regiment of Cavalry, Army of the United States, Pay Roll…from the 28th day of February, 1874 when last paid, to the 30th day of April, 1874." The muster roll lists 54 Buffalo Soldiers, including future Medal of Honor recipient Clinton Greaves. Greaves signs with his mark, "x," in the far right column. The muster roll identifies four soldiers who were discharged and one who died, having "drowned while bathing in the Rio Grande." The document is signed and certified at the conclusion by Captain Beyer. In very good to fine condition, with partial separations and paper loss along folds. The 9th Cavalry Regiment served in southwestern Texas from 1867–1875, where they were tasked with maintaining law and order between the Rio Grande and Concho Rivers from Fort Clark to El Paso. They moved into the New Mexico Military District in 1875, participating in the Apache Wars until 1881. In 1877, Clinton Greaves was part of a small detachment that was surrounded by hostile Apaches. Becoming 'the center of the savage hand-to-hand fighting,' Greaves 'managed to shoot and bash a gap through the swarming Apaches, permitting his companions to break free.' Today, a statue of Corporal Greaves stands at Ft. Bayard, New Mexico.
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