Lot 13: 'Negro Intelligence', 1st ‘scientific’ studies, 1913-16
10th August 2017
Heading: African-American, 1913-16. Title: 1st ‘scientific’ studies of 'Negro Intelligence'. Place Published: 1913-16. Description: 2 items: Marion J. Mayo. "The Mental Capacity of the American Negro". Reprinted from the Archives of Psychology, No. 28. (NY, Nov. 1913) First Printing thus. Original printed wrappers. 71pp. George Oscar Ferguson. The Psychology of the Negro / An Experimental Study [Archives of Psychology, Columbia University contributions to philosophy and psychology, Vol. XXV, No. 1] (New York, Science Press, 1916) First Edition. Original cloth binding. 138pp. Scarce imprints. Nearly a century before the "Bell Curve" controversy of the 1990s, the "scientific" development of IQ testing led to these early studies - two of the first three - of "Negro Intelligence". Ferguson's conclusions laid the groundwork for what might be called "Scientific Racism", while Mayo surprisingly concluded that Black academic and intellectual performance might be "due solely to a difference in opportunity and not at all to superior [mental] endowment." Assumptions of Black mental "inferiority" had an enormous impact on concepts of Black education from the days of Booker T. Washington onward.. Condition:
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