Lot 694: Van Swieten Gerard

IAA

2015-07-10 15:43:14

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Lot 694: Van Swieten Gerard: (1700-1772) Dutch-Austrian Physician. Personal Physician And Librarian To The Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. Van Swieten Is Also Remembered For His Important Work In The Fight Against Superstition, Particularly In The Case Of Vampires, During The Enlightenment. An Interesting Manuscript D.S., Van Swieten, Two Pages, 4To, N.P. (Vienna), 15Th February 1767, In French. The Holograph Document, Prepared For Empress Maria Theresa, Is Headed Note On The Decree Concerning The Brethren Of Mercy And States, In Part, €˜Here Is What I Have Found In The Decree. I Did Not Expect It At All. The Defence Is Absolute, Clear, And Precise, We Must Prevent The Brethren Of Mercy From Selling Drugs….Instead Of Using The Term Medications, They Use Praparatorum, Which Is Ambiguous And Can Be Taken For Very Fine And Intangible Powders As Well As Some Chemical Preparations. With Such Defence, The Brethren Of Mercy Can Sell Drugs, Make Decoctions, Infusions, Ointments, Plasters And So On, As They Have Always Done….Whoever Drew Up This Decree Has Made This Ruse To Evade The Will Of Her Majesty. The Real Defence, According To The Will Of Her Majesty, Is That The Brethren Of Mercy Cannot Sell Any Remedy, Either Simple, Or Compound, Or Prepared, Under Any Pretext Whatsoever. It Is Surprising That People Dare Doing Such Tricks.€™ To The Right Margin Of The Second Page Empress Maria Theresa Has Added An Endorsement, In The Form Of An A.N.S., With Her Initials, €˜Je L’Ais Resolve Ainsi’, Agreeing With Van Switen’S Observations. With Blank Integral Leaf. Vg Maria Theresa (1717-1780) Holy Roman Empress 1745-65, Archduchess Of Austria, Queen Of Hungary And Croatia 1740-80. International Autograph Auctions' Autograph Auction July 2015 Saturday, 18th July 2015 Estimate: £600 - 800
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