Lot 6: Andrew Jackson signed document
10th October 2018
Manuscript DS, signed “Andrew Jackson, Major Genl.,” one page, 7.5 x 13, April 23, 1813. Pay order submitted to Edward Mitchell for the transportation of sick soldiers during the War of 1812, in full: "To Seventeen days hauling of the sick and their Baggage from Mitchells stand in the Choctaw Nation of Indians to the Tennessee River, they being part of the detachment of Tennessee Volunteers under Genl. A. Jackson, at $10 per day, being performed by two waggons ($170)—To 16 days hauling from the Tenessee River to Nashville by two waggons, eight days each at three dollars per day ($48)($208) Cr. By Sundry Deductions ($19.25), for finding the waggon horses ($198.75). The assistant Dep'y Q'r master will pay Edward Mitchell the above sum of one hundred & ninety right dollars & seventy five cents, it being for the transportation of the sick & their Baggage who were part of the detachment under my command." The reverse is endorsed by Edward Mitchell. In very good to fine condition, with tape reinforcements to fold splits on the reverse, and several small areas of ink erosion. Jackson received his first opportunity to lead in 1813. He and the 2nd Division of Tennessee Volunteers were sent north of Natchez to defend against a possible attack by the British on New Orleans. When Jackson received an order to disband his troops immediately, he refused to cast his volunteers adrift to find their own way home, and pledged his own money to finance the supplies for the trip back along the Natchez Trace to Tennessee. He gave up his horses for the sick, walking alongside his men and encouraging them as needed, disciplining them as necessary. His determination, combined with his willingness to suffer alongside his men, caused his men to come up with the nickname 'Old Hickory'—to his men, Jackson was as unyielding as an old hickory tree.
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