Lot 379: Bell, Alexander Graham



2015-09-16 14:07:09

Lot 379: Bell Alexander Graham: (1847-1922) Scottish Scientist, Inventor Of The First Practical Telephone. An Interesting T.L.S., Alexander Graham Bell, Two Pages (Separate Leaves), 4To, Washington D.C., 25Th January 1912, To Edwin A. Elsbach. Bell Informs His Correspondent 'A Great Deal Can Be Done To Minimise The Effects Of Heredity In Afflicted Families, By Giving Such Information Regarding The Results Of Marriages As To Lead Afflicted Persons To Choose Partners In Life Who Would Lessen Their Tendency To Produce Afflicted Children' And Continues 'There Is Always A Strong Tendency In Offspring To Revert To The Normal Type Of The Race; And If Marriages Are So Contracted That The Tendency To The Inheritance Of The Defect Exists In The Family Of Only One Of The Partners, The Tendency To Inheritance Is Diluted, So To Speak, By The Influence Of The Other, If He Belongs To A Family Which Is Free From The Defect', Further Explaining That 'This Is Especially True When The Partners In Marriage Are Very Far Apart In Blood. A Defective American Would Have Less Tendency To Reproduce The Defect, By Marriage With A Foreigner Of A Different Race'. Bell Also Advises That 'Defective Persons Should Especially, Be Careful To Avoid Marrying Blood Relations. This Class Of Union Tends To Increase, In The Offspring, The Family Peculiarities, Whatever They May Be. Where A Defective Strain Exists The Defect Is More Liable To Be Increased, Than In Cases Where There Are No Common Ancestors'. The Scientist Concludes By Stating That He Is Sending Elsbach A Copy Of His Paper Marriage, An Address To The Deaf Under Separate Cover. A Letter Of Fascinating Content. Vg In October 1872 Bell Had Opened His School Of Vocal Physiology And Mechanics Of Speech In Boston, Which Attracted A Large Number Of Deaf Pupils. While He Was Working As A Private Tutor, One Of His Most Famous Pupils Was Helen Keller, Who Came To Him As A Young Child Unable To See, Hear, Or Speak. She Was Later To Say That Bell Dedicated His Life To The Penetration Of That 'Inhuman Silence Which Separates And Estranges'] International Autograph Auctions' Autograph Auction September 2015 Saturday, 26th September 2015 Estimate: £1000-1500
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