Winslow Homer (American painter)

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2015-06-26 10:35:40

Winslow Homer was an American landscape painter and printmaker.

Biography

Homer was born on February 24, 1836 in Boston, Massachusetts. At the age of 19, he was apprenticed to J. H. Bufford's lithographic firm in Boston. Following his apprenticeship, Homer worked as a free-lance illustrator for such magazines as Harper's Weekly. In 1859, Homer moved to New York City, where he studied at the National Academy of Design.

In 1867, he spent a year in France, where he shared a studio in Montmartre with fellow artist Albert Warren Kelsey. After that, he continued to paint and travel widely, especially to Adirondacks, Canada, Bermuda, Florida, and the Caribbean. Winslow Homer was a member of the Century Association from 1865 and exhibited almost annually at the Brooklyn Art Association in New York.

He died on September 29, 1910 in Prouts Neck, Maine, USA. He was 74.

Guide for collectors

Most of works by Homer can be found in major museums throughout the United States and Europe.

  • An extensive collection of his works can be found in Art Institute of Chicago, USA;
  • the Butler Institute of American Art, Ohio, USA;
  • the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C, USA;
  • Winslow Homer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA;
  • Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France;
  • Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts, USA;
  • Amon Carter Museum, Texas, USA;
  • Arkell Museum at Canajoharie, New York, USA;
  • Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Maine, USA;
  • the Brooklyn Museum/Luce Center for American Art, New York City, USA;
  • the Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, USA;
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA;
  • Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA;
  • the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, USA;
  • Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas, USA;
  • Winslow Homer at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art, Washington D.C., USA;
  • the Terra Foundation for American Art, Chicago, USA
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain.

Most expensive work

On 5, May 1998, Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation, paid at a secret private sale $30 million for Homer’s oil on canvass called Lost on the Grand Banks (painted in 1885 and depicting a sailor adrift in a damaged boat), the last major seascape by Winslow Homer still in private hands.

Most famous works

Several other paintings by Homer are considered as masterpieces of world art. For example:

  • Fishergirls Coiling Tackle (sold for $4,521,000 on 28, November 2007 at Sotheby’s auction in New York)
  • Herring Fishing (sold for $3,065,000 on 29, November 2007 at Christie’s auction in New York)
  • The Coral Divers (sold for $2,642,500 on 2, December 1998 at Christie’s auction in New York)
  • Home, Sweet Home (sold for $2,642,500 on 5, June 1997 at Christie’s auction in New York)
  • The Return of the Gleaner (sold for $2,210,500 on 29, May 2010 at Sotheby’s auction in New York)
  • Three Men in a Canoe (sold for $1,049,000 on 28, November 2007 at Sotheby’s auction in New York)
  • The Last Days of Harvest (sold for $1,127,500 on 4, December 2003 at Christie’s auction in New York)
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