Know the Customary Indian style of Painting? Check out here!
India is a country that has traditional paintings associated with different regions of the nation. Every place has a particular art form by its name that describes its history and educates about the idea of the region and its beliefs. Some prominent styles are necessary to be known for art lovers like that of Tanjore paintings of the South, Mithila paintings of North and much more. These traditional paintings are an epitome of the natural beauty of the past that displays how talented our Indian artists were and how stunningly they portrayed Indian traditional paintings through their talent. Check out some of the best styles of Indian paintings that are a fascinating depiction of the beauty of the country:
Indian miniature paintings were earlier found on palm leaves. These were painted for Buddhist and Jain merchants who carried it while traveling across the country. Later these were taken over by different art institutes where they categorized it as Mughal, and Pahari miniatures. Each of these had different features and different portrayal forms. These miniature paintings are divided into subdivisions depending on the state, illustrating their different style in a unique, and eye catchy manner. Miniature art looks forward to describing the history that dates back to the primitive age.
The name Miniature is taken from minium, used by the medieval illuminators. Its origin is the combination of separate traditions and this painting flourished from the 16th century to the mid-19th century. The best part about Miniature painting is that it is made of sophisticated brushwork, which contributes to its alluring and exceptional individuality. The colors used in this art is taken from natural sources like vegetables, gold, and silver etc. While these paintings are made out of a common theme everywhere, Indian miniature paintings include Ragas (musical pattern) and other mythic stories.
Miniature painting originated in India in 750 AD, at the time when religious teachings of Buddha, were scripted on palm plants and that is why this art was printed and designed on palm leaves by our earlier Indian artists too. Afterward, when the Pala style of miniature paintings came into existence, several schools were established in the country to teach and allow children to explore this art form.
Pattachitra, where Patta is cloth and Chitra means picture, is an art form from Orissa. It originated in Raghurajpur, in Orissa where it is practiced even today, and at least one member of every family is still an artist here. The main theme on which this painting style is based is Lord Jagannath. Other themes of this painting style carry pictures and tales of Radha-Krishna, scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata, views and tasks of temples etc. The best part about this painting, which makes it even more amazing is that it utilizes vegetable and mineral colors to bring life.
From the early times of 16th and 18th centuries, Thanjavur paintings are situated from the South Indian town of Thanjavur. It is a colorful panel painting, which is made on a wooden plank with a god as its theme. The god in these paintings have an almond-shaped eye and the Indian artists showcase the picture surrounded by a curtain. These paintings add color to the surrounding by carrying god, goddesses, and saints in its view. Thanjavur paintings aim to hold the unique history of the country and ensures that it lasts for generations. Its art form includes gold leaves and sparkling stones to add grace.
This art form belongs to the western state of Maharashtra, Warli. More or less, it is the same as the cave paintings and is created amid walls of the hut in an elementary style. These include drawings of the tribal peoples’ lifestyle and various forms of nature like sun, moon, and rain. However, amid these descriptions, the mother goddess, Palaghat is used as a central theme in every painting. The goddess is a symbol of fertility. Warli art is commonly highlighted by circular patterns, which is a portrayal of life as a circular cycle where death shows new beginnings. These paintings mostly created by tribal people originated from the North Sahyadri Range in India and is still in practice today.
Warli is a part of Indian traditional paintings, which are painted on white on red walls. These may not look that pleasing to the eye unless noticed closely. However, it has certain details that have sensible descriptions, which makes it an amazing creation by the Indian artists. It has geometric patterns of wedding rituals, hunting scenes etc. People love its beauty and sense of representation and therefore is used in day-to-day life too. From sarees having its prints to coffee mugs, clocks, ascents on walls etc. Warli traditional painting is common everywhere.
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