Folk art is art produced by members of an indigenous culture, and by peasants, seamen, country artisans or tradespeople with no formal training.
History and Description
Folk art can be characterized by its naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective do not play a crucial role. The art expresses cultural identity by conveying shared community values and aesthetics, encompasses a range of utilitarian and decorative media, including cloth, wood, paper, clay or metal.
Also, folk art paintings are usually incorporated as decorative features on clock faces, chests, chairs or interior and exterior walls, indentifying thereby ethnic, tribal, religious, occupational, geographical or gender features of particular societies. Folk art artists are usually self-taught.
List of notable artists
Among the most famous folk artists are Ammi Phillips, Felipe Archuleta, Howard Finster, Doris Lee, George T. Lopez, Milton W. Hopkins, Dan Field, Robert Francis, James Gibson, Sybil Gibson, Jessie LaVon or Wallace Nez. Contemporary British folk art is represented primarily by Alfred Wallis, James Ayres, Daniel Baker, Sir Peter Blake, Sonia Boyce, Faye Claridge, Simon Costin, Jeremy Deller, Carolyn Flood, Jenny Gordon, Antonia Harrison, Susan Hiller, Juneau Projects, Alan Kane, Paula MacArthur, Mike Nelson, Martin Myrone, Paul Ryan or Sarah Woodfine.
Guide for Collectors
Some of the most famous Folk art paintings can be seen in:
- the The Smithsonian American Art Museum, USA;
- the Museum of Early American Folk Arts, USA;
- the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA;
- Ammi Phillips at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA;
- American Folk Art Museum, New York City, USA;
- the Maier Museum of Art at Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Virginia, USA;
- Compton Verney, Warwick, England; Manchester City Art Gallery, UK;
- the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, UK;
- the Tate Gallery, London, UK;
- the Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, New York, USA;
- Milton W. Hopkins at the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA.
Most expensive work
On 18–19, January 2007, the masterpiece called Portrait of a Young Girl and her Cat painted by Ammi Phillips was sold for $1,248,000 at Christie’s auction in New York, USA.
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