Cubism (art movement)
Style and ethos
Cubism is held as being a new way of representing reality in art. Braque and Picasso began to bring different views of an object together on the picture surface – thus breaking from the notion that a artwork’s scope should reflect the viewer’s single point of view.
Key influences of the Cubists included Cézanne, whose works had already featured subjects painted from different points of view.
African tribal masks - highly stylised, or non-naturalistic, yet nevertheless presenting a vivid human image – are also known to have influenced Picasso.
Landmark cubist artworks include Picasso’s Demoiselles D'Avignon of 1907, through which Picasso is regarded as a progenitor of the movement.
According to commentators at Britain’s Tate Gallery, the piece’s name originated from a comment by critic Louis Vauxcelles that some of Braque's paintings exhibited in Paris in 1908 showed everything reduced to 'geometric outlines, to cubes'.
As Cubism progressed, the artworks’ objects became increasingly fragmented and abstract.
Elements, such as newspapers, became introduced to the work to restore an identifiable message – in other words, Cubist collage. These eventually extended into three dimensions in Cubist constructions.
Real objects in art
One of the most crucial contributions to modern art by the Cubists was the notion that real objects could be incorporated into art, stemming from the movement’s gradual evolution into sculpture.
Abstract art concepts including Constructivism and Neo-Plasticism have their origins in these developments.
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